Windows maintains a base of icons so as not to load them from the source. If you see white shortcuts on the desktop, then most likely the system was unable to load them due to a corrupted cache. This tutorial is about how you can fix the blank desktop icons in Windows 11 desktop by deleting the IconCache.
Steps to Fix Blank White Desktop Shortcut Icons in Windows 11
Step 1: Press the Win + R key combination and enter %userprofile%\AppData\Local
Step 2: Next, click on the “View” tab and check the “Hidden items” box
Step 3: Delete the IconCache.db file
Step 4: Next press Win + R and paste the given path
Step 5: Delete all files and content in the Explorer folder
Step 6: Reboot your computer.